Pregnant women who ate a seafood and noodle-based diet had a lower risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus, according to a recent Singapore study.

In the Growing up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study, published in the journal Nutrients, researchers compared three different types of diets and the risk of developing GDM.

Women on a seafood-noodle diet, which was high in soup, fish and seafood products, noodles and low-fat meat and was low in ethnic bread, legumes and pulses, white and curry-based gravies, had the lowest risk (.74) of developing GDM.

The reduced GDM risk in the seafood-noodle diet was likely due to the fact that participants had a higher intake of protein and fat, and a lower intake of carbohydrates, compared to those in other groups.

Conversely, the vegetable-fruit-rice diet was high in vegetables, fruit, white rice, bread, low-fat meat and fish and low in fried potatoes, burgers and carbonated and sugar-sweetened beverages. The third diet, pasta-cheese-processed meat diet was high in pasta, cheese, processed meats and tomato-based and cream-based sauces.

“The dietary pattern found to be associated with GDM in our study was substantially different to those reported previously in Western populations,” the researchers wrote. “No studies in the Western populations identified rice or noodles in their dietary patterns – two main carbohydrate staples in the Singaporean diet."


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